What Were The Major Agreements From The Yalta And Potsdam Conference
The Big Three – Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on 26 July by Prime Minister Clement Attlee) and US President Harry Truman met in Potsdam from 17 July to 2 August 1945 to negotiate the terms of the end of world war. After the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin, Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed to meet after Germany`s capitulation to determine post-war borders in Europe. Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945, and Allied leaders agreed to meet in potsdam in the summer to continue the talks that began in Yalta. Although the Allies continued to wage a common war in the Pacific, the absence of a common enemy in Europe led to difficulties in reaching consensus on the post-war reconstruction of the European continent. Although Germany was the focus of attention in Potsdam, the United States, the United Kingdom and China issued the Potsdam Declaration on 26 July: an ultimatum calling for Japan`s unconditional surrender. Stalin, who was not at war with Japan, did not participate. The Japanese did not surrender, and only a few days after the end of the conference, the United States dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki , which finally did what the Potsdam declaration could not do. Within weeks, Stalin had accelerated his own nuclear weapons program and, on August 29, 1949, he detonated his first atomic bomb, First Lightning, at a remote test site in Kazakhstan. The Cold War scene was ready. President Roosevelt said: “If we try to avoid the fact that we have put a little more emphasis on Lublin`s Poland than on the other two groups from which the new government is to be drawn, we will expose ourselves to accusations that we will try to reverse the decision in Crimea.” Roosevelt acknowledged that, in the words of Admiral William D. Leahy, the Yalta language was so vague that the Soviets would be able to “stretch it from Yalta to Washington without ever breaking it technically.”  The Soviets also wanted the surrender of Karafuto and the Kuril Islands, which were taken over from Russia by Japan during the Russo-Japanese War (1905), which was also agreed.